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Expats in Poland

Poland: An Overview

Poland is named after the Polanie tribe, which established the Piast dynasty in the 10th century, under the leaderhip of Mieszko I, marking the start of Poland as a nation proper, and increasing its importance within Central Europe.

After what was widely acknowledged as a 'golden age' in the 16th century, the country was undermined by a Swedish invasion and various internal disputes, and was subsequently parcelled out between Russia, Prussia and Austria, reconstituted as the Duchy of Warsaw by France's Napoleon I, and then divided again, following French defeats, at the Congress of Vienna.

Poland eventually regained its independence in 1918 only to lose it again just decades later to Germany and the Soviet Union in the Second World War, becoming a Soviet satellite state in the post-war period.

The formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" ("Solidarnosc"), which was the country's first non-communist controlled trade union, was one of the factors which led to a period of martial law in early 1980s as the government attempted to crack down on opposition to the communist leadership, followed by several years of repression.

However, by 1990 Solidarity leader,Lech Walesa, had become President, hastening the weakening of the hold of Communism on Eastern Europe.

During the 1990s, the Polish economy was transformed, although a relative lack of investment in infrastructure (especially in the areas of electricity generation and power dstribution, and with regard to road and rail links) over the years has undermined this somewhat, as have high unemployment levels.

The workforce is generally viewed as well-educated and skilled labor force, although foreign language skills and training in contemporary management, finance, and marketing are in relatively short supply.

Significant events for the Polish nation in more recent years have included joining the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1999, and becoming a member of the European Union in 2004. The government hopes to adopt the euro (EUR) currency in 2012, although this will require various changes, including to the Polish constitution, so is thought to be an ambitious target.

Poland has a land area of 312, 685 sq km (according to government estimates), making it the 69th largest country in the world, and the 9th largest in Europe. It is located in Central Europe, to the east of Germany, with a northern coastline on the Baltic Sea.

There are shared borders with Russia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Germany. Approximately 40% of the land in Poland is arable, with forests occupying an estimated 28%, and the country has various natural resources, including coal, sulphur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead and salt.The climate is temperate but changeable.

The population is approximately 38.5 million (2011 est), with the vast majority of Polish origin, and a strong (90%) Roman Catholic influence.

Country Name: Poland
Coordinates: 51.4273 N, 20.1726 E
Capital: Warsaw
Capital Coordinates: 5213'N2102'E
Other Main Cities: Krakw, Wroclaw, Ldz, Poznan, Gdansk
Population: 38544513
Area: 312679
Official Language(s): Polish, Kashubian
Ethnic Group(s): 93.72%Polish, 094% Silesian, 0.08% Belarusian, 0.07% German, 0.07% Ukrainian, 0.04% Kashubian, 7.24% other
Demonym: Pole, Polish
Currency: Zioty, zl
GDP: $800.934 billion
Time Zone: CET(UTC+1), Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
International Dialling Code: 48
Internet TLD: .pl
ISO: PL
Electricity Voltage: 230 Volts AC (50Hz)

 

FINANCIAL CONSIDERATIONS IN POLAND

» Money Transfers for Expats in Poland
» Foreign Exchange for Expats in Poland
» Banking for Expats in Poland
» Pensions for Expats in Poland
» Investment for Expats in Poland
» Wealth Management for Expats in Poland
» Property Investment for Expats in Poland
» Insurance for Expats in Poland

TAXATION IN POLAND

» Overview of Tax Issues for Expats in Poland
» Employment Taxation for Expats in Poland
» Business Taxation for Expats in Poland
» Investment Taxation for Expats in Poland
» Tax Treaty Considerations for Expats in Poland

HEALTHCARE IN POLAND

» National Health Services for Expats in Poland
» Doctors and Hospitals for Expats in Poland
» Health Insurance for Expats in Poland
» Health Emergencies for Expats in Poland

EDUCATION IN POLAND

» State School Systems for Expats in Poland
» Private Schools for Expats in Poland
» International Schools for Expats in Poland
» Universities for Expats in Poland
» Language Schools for Expats in Poland

IMMIGRATION IN POLAND

» Visas and Passports for Expats in Poland
» Settlement, Residence and Citizenship for Expats in Poland
» Family Members and Marriage for Expats in Poland
» Working Expats in Poland

EMPLOYMENT AND BUSINESS IN POLAND

» Finding a Job, CVs, Interviews and Etiquette for Expats in Poland
» Work, Culture and Labour Market for Expats in Poland
» Expats Owning and Operating a Business in Poland
» Business Groups, Associations and Networking for Expats in Poland
» Business Taxation for Expats in Poland

ACCOMMODATION IN POLAND

» Where to Live, for Expats in Poland
» Finding, Buying and Renting for Expats in Poland
» Mortgages for Expats in Poland

RELOCATION IN POLAND

» International Relocation for Expats in Poland
» Repatriation for Expats in Poland
» Expats Relocating with Families and Pets in Poland

SOCIAL AND CULTURAL TRAITS IN POLAND

» Languages for Expats in Poland
» Guide to Cultural Traits for Expats in Poland
» Expat Groups in Poland

LIVING IN POLAND

» Safety and Emergencies for Expats in Poland
» Retirement for Expats in Poland
» Family Life and Childcare for Expats in Poland
» Solo Living and Dating for Expats in Poland
» Shopping for Expats in Poland
» Entertainment, Media abd Televison for Expats in Poland
» Arts and Culture for Expats in Poland
» Fitness and Sport for Expats in Poland
» Communications for Expats in Poland
» Driving and Public Transport for Expats in Poland
» Government, Politics and Legal Systems for Expats in Poland
» Regions and Cities for Expats in Poland

 

 

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