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Repatriation is the process of moving back to your country of origin, either away from or back to Canada. Though it normally occurs voluntarily, when you make the decision to leave the country you have been living in and return to your homeland, repatriation can be forcible if your host country requires you to leave for legal reasons. When you start planning to repatriate, you will find that the process of returning home involves nearly as much bureaucracy as when you first left the country. For this reason, it is best to start planning your departure in good time, at least a few months in advance.
Top of the to do list is taking care of immigration matters. Canada permits dual citizenship, so becoming a Canadian citizen does not necessitate renouncing your original citizenship. Nevertheless, if for some reason you have done so, you should look into current entry requirements for your country of origin. If you are considering restoring your original citizenship, have a look at your home country’s immigration authority website.
Another important step is to deal with your accommodation arrangements. If you are renting, make sure to inform your landlord about your departure within the agreed notice period to avoid incurring additional costs. Note that your landlord has a maximum of 15 days to return your deposit – less deductions, which he or she has to confirm with you.
Similarly, if you were previously renting out a property in your home country, inform your tenants of your return in due time. Any property you own in your host country might take a while to sell, so it is a good idea to put it on the market a few months before you plan to leave. At the same time, make an early start on house-hunting back home. For further useful information, see our Accommodation articles relating to your respective country.
Furthermore, it is important to inform the local tax office that you are leaving the country. If you depart in the middle of a particular tax year, you may still have tax obligations in that country for the remainder of that tax year. At the same time, you should register with the tax authorities back home. Make sure to look into current tax regulations, as these might have changed since your departure. For more on tax matters in Canada, see the Canada Revenue Agency website.
Remember also to cancel all subscriptions and services in your host country. Think of your newspaper subscriptions, sports club memberships, internet and TV provider, TV licence, mobile phone contract and so on. Make sure to look into cancellation policies well in advance as certain service providers might have a set notice period. At the same time, start researching these services in your home country and comparing the prices they offer.
It is also important to inform your bank that you are leaving the country. You should consider whether you want to keep your bank account open for a while longer, in particular if you are still expecting income in that country. However, note that certain banks may charge their clients extra if they live abroad. Another thing to keep in mind is to tell everyone that your address has changed! In this respect, it is recommended that you arrange for your post to be forwarded to your new address for a certain period if you are an expat departing from Canada. Finally, you will have to take care of the removal of your personal items, vehicles, and pets. For useful advice on this, consult our Expat Briefing articles on Relocation and select the applicable country you are returning to.
If you have registered with your embassy, you must inform them that you are leaving the country so they can deregister you. You should also notify the authorities if you are registered to vote. Note that you do not require an exit visa or any other formal authority to leave Canada.
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