Expats in India

Expats in IndiaIndia: An Overview

Classical Indian culture was formed under a series of civilizations in the last three thousand years BC. Later, the Gupta dynasty in the 4th to 6th centuries AD saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture. The Delhi Sultanate in the 10th and 11th centuries followed a Moorish invasion; later the Moghul dynasty ruled India from 1500 to 1800.

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European powers began to infiltrate India from the 17th century onwards, initially for trading purposes. The British East India Company ran what amounted to its own government in India during the 18th century and the first part of the 19th century. By degrees, Britain became the dominant power in India, and by the middle of the 19th century India was counted as a part of the British Empire.

A largely non-violent independence movement led by Gandhi and Nehru brought about the creation of a separate independent Indian state in 1947, although a substantial part of the Subcontinent was divided off into Pakistan. In 1971, East Pakistan declared independence as Bangladesh. War followed, in which India helped Bangladesh to become a separate state. Tensions between India and Pakistan remain high, and both states have nuclear weapons.

The climate of India varies from tropical in the south to temperate in the hillier north. India has rich agricultural resources, and its mineral reserves include coal, iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum and limestone.

The population is approximately 1.2 billion, second only to China, and is growing at 1.34% per year. The two largest cities are Delhi, the capital, (population 22 million) and Mumbai (Bombay), the main commercial centre (20 million.)

There are twenty official languages in India, testifying to its fragmented past; Hindi is the most widely spoken, being used by 41% of the population. For political, economic and commercial communication, English is very widely used. Literacy is only 61%, largely due to the exclusion of women from formal education in many regions.

India is a federal republic divided into 28 states and seven union territories. There is a bicameral parliament. The president and vice-president are elected by the members of the legislature; but real power resides with the Prime Minister, who is elected by the members of the largest political party. Currently the prime minister is Narendra Modi, who has been in power since May 2014.

The legal system is based on English common law and precedents play a large part in the judicial process, as they do in other common law countries. There is a Supreme Court; justices are appointed by the president and remain in office until they reach the age of 65.

India's economy was held back for a long time by protectionist, autarkic tendencies verging on cronyism. Liberalization began in the 1990s and large parts of the economy can now be described as open. Although agriculture is still the dominant sector, incentive policies have underpinned the growth of IT and other technology-based industries. Outsourcing has been a major growth sector.

Growth has averaged 7% for the last ten years, and the economy bounced back strongly from the financial crisis to clock up 10% growth in 2010. The deficit remains on the high side at 5.6% in 2012 and inflation has been a problem. With low GDP per head of only USD3,900 (2012 est.) there is ample scope for further rapid growth. The currency is the Indian rupee. Currently (November 2014), 1 Indian rupee = 0.016 US dollars (61 rupees to the dollar).

 

Country Name: India
Coordinates: 21.7679° N, 78.8718° E
Capital: New Delhi
Capital Coordinates: 28°36.8'N 77°12.5'E
Other Main Cities: Mumbi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Jaipur
Population: 1210193422
Area: 3287263
Official Language(s): Hindi, English
Ethnic Group(s): -
Demonym: Indian
Currency: Indian Rupee, ₹
GDP: $4.711 trillion
Time Zone: IST (UTC+05:30)
International Dialling Code: 91
Internet TLD: .in
ISO: IN
Electricity Voltage: 220 Volts AC (50Hz)

 

 

Latest Forum Posts in 'India'

 

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Has anyone tried the Marigold Hotel experience for real? I saw the first film (VG) and the second one (not good) and I've see… Read

 

Free Trade & Investment Zone :
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Just came across https://wisdomcapital.in : Wisdom Capital : Free Online Trading & Investment Zone. I wish to learn more… Read

 

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By Marcel Hebbelinck, 4th Sep, 14:42
I spent some time in the Andaman Islands and found it to have the best scuba diving I've experienced. They're some way out in… Read

 

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By Mary, 3rd Sep, 13:33
Hi peeps, I'm in Goa at the moment, but am looking to travel a bit more (around India). Does anyone have recommendations f… Read

 

India Expat Service Providers

Expatriate Healthcare Experts in Moving

Country Information

Financial Considerations In India

Financial Considerations In India

» Money Transfers
» Foreign Exchange
» Banking
» Pensions
» Investment
» Wealth Management
» Property Investment
» Insurance

 

Taxation In India

Taxation In India

» Overview of Tax Issues
» Employment Taxation
» Business Taxation
» Investment Taxation
» Tax Treaty Considerations

 

Healthcare In India

Healthcare In India

» National Health Services
» Doctors and Hospitals
» Health Insurance
» Health Emergencies

 

Education In India

Education In India

» State School Systems
» Private Schools
» International Schools
» Universities
» Language Schools

 

Immigration In India

Immigration In India

» Visas and Passports
» Settlement, Residence and Citizenship
» Family Members and Marriage
» Working

 

Employment And Business In India

Employment And Business In India

» Finding a Job, CVs, Interviews and Etiquette
» Work Culture and Labour Market
» Owning and Operating a Business
» Business Groups, Associations and Networking
» Business Taxation

 

Accommodation In India

Accommodation In India

» Where to Live
» Finding, Buying and Renting
» Mortgages

 

Relocation In India

Relocation In India

» International Relocation
» Repatriation
» Expats Relocating with Families and Pets

 

Social And Cultural Traits In India

Social And Cultural Traits In India

» Languages
» Guide to Cultural Traits
» Expat Groups

 

Living In India

Living In India

» Safety and Emergencies
» Retirement
» Family Life and Childcare
» Solo Living and Dating
» Shopping
» Entertainment, Media and Television
» Arts and Culture
» Fitness and Sport
» Communications
» Driving and Public Transport
» Government, Politics and Legal Systems
» Regions and Cities


 


 




Moving to India

If you are considering moving to India or are soon to depart, you can find helpful information and advice in the Expat Briefing dedicated Indian section including; details of immigration and visas, Indian forums, Indian event listings and service providers in India.

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Living in India

From your safety to shoppingliving in India can yield great benefits as well as occasional drawbacks.  Find your feet and stay abreast of the latest developments affecting expats in India with relevant news and up-to-date information.

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Working in India

Working in India can be rewarding as well as stressful, if you don't plan ahead and fulfill any legal requirements. Find out about visas and passports, owning and operating a company in India, and general Indian culture of the labour market.

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