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Family Life and Childcare for Expats in India

Author: Jason Zhou
Submitted: September 2013

Family life in India

India has the second largest population in the world; there are 28 states and seven union territories. Each region has its own characteristics and traditions, culture, religion, language, clothing, customs and family life.

In India, often three or more generations will live together. This can include parents, grandparents, siblings, uncles, aunts and cousins. Families, tied through kinship, live close to each other so that they can provide help easily. Often the elder male members have the authority in the family. Such family structure is very well-suited to India’s current working conditions as about two thirds of the population are working as farmers or agricultural workers.  It is also common in the larger cities as it can provide help, especially financial help and work opportunities, to family members.

The living conditions differ dramatically in India, with many families living in simple huts or houses compared to the wealthier families who live in large modern houses.

More information can be found here https://www.buzzle.com/articles/family-life-in-india.html;
https://countrystudies.us/india/83.htm,  https://asiasociety.org/countries/traditions/indian-society-and-ways-living.

Many expatriates in India live in large cities such as Mumbai, Bangalore, Kolkata or Delhi. You can find special housing established for expatriates. Public services, including schools for your children, are also of higher quality.

Bear in mind that you cannot buy a property if your resident permit in India is less than 183 days. Furthermore, you should expect a lot of power blackouts when you stay in India. More information can be found here:


Childcare in India

In India, there are no free services for nursery or pre-school at state level. The government are trying to provide free education for children between six and 14 years old.  Many grandparents take the responsibility to look after the children of the family; even if the families are not living together. This is especially common for dual earner parents, children live with their grandparents in the week time and go back to live with their parents at the weekends. It has been said nearly half of dual earner parents depend on the grandparents to look after their children. Sometimes, friends and siblings will also help to look after the children.

In large cities, where most expatriates live, there are better childcare facilities. There are plenty of good preschools and nursery schools catering for the needs of expatriates. Some of them allow children from the age of one. Many are taught in English but other languages are available such as German, Russian, Japanese and French.  Many of such schools are established to high international standards.

When you arrive in India, you may want to ask your colleagues or neighbours for suggestions on the schools within your area. Most of the time admission is easy since they are private schools, you can speak to the school master regarding the admission. Some of the schools are very popular and there is a long waiting list for them. Therefore, it is advised that you  contact the schools you are most interested in before you move to India. 

You may also like to find a nanny to look after you children. Costs depend on where you live, the experience of the nanny and the type of services you choose. For a day care nanny, the monthly cost generally ranges between USD70 and USD 150. This website may be useful to find a nanny: https://www.babajob.com/Jobs-Nanny.



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