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Repatriation denotes the process of moving back to the country of origin. It can occur voluntarily – when you make the decision to leave the country you have been living in and return to your homeland, or forcedly – when your host country requires you to leave for legal reasons. Finally, the term repatriation is sometimes used in connotation with the return of bodily remains of deceased to the country of origin – for more information on the latter, click here.
When you decide to repatriate voluntarily, you will find that the process of returning home involves nearly as much bureaucracy as when you first left the country. For this reason, it is recommendable to start planning your departure several months in advance.
Top of the to-do list is taking care of immigration matters. If you have lived abroad for a longer period and given up your original citizenship, you should look into current entry requirements for your country of origin. You might also want to consider restoring your original citizenship. For this purpose, have a look at the respective Immigration authority website. Indian expats repatriating to India can apply for restoration of Indian citizenship, see the Ministry of Home Affairs website.
At the same time, your host country might require you to deregister prior to departure. Expats living in India should check the requirements with their local Foreigner Regional Registration Offices.
Another important step is to take care of your accommodation arrangements. If you are renting, make sure to inform your landlord about your departure within the agreed notice period; otherwise you might incur additional costs. Similarly, if you were renting out a property in your home country, inform your tenants of your return in due time. In case you own property in your host country, it is a good idea to put it on the market a few months prior to departure as it might take a while to sell. At the same time, make an early start on house hunting back home. For further useful information, see our Accommodation articles related to your respective country.
It is further important to inform the tax authorities that you are leaving the country. Note that if you depart in the middle of a particular tax year, you might still have tax obligations in that country for the remainder of that tax year. At the same time, you should register with the tax authorities back home. Make sure to look into current tax regulations as these might have changed since your departure. For tax matters in India, see Taxation in India and the Website of the Department of Revenue.
Remember also to cancel all subscriptions and services in your host country. Think of your newspaper subscriptions, sports club memberships, internet and TV provider, TV license, mobile phone contract, and so on. Make sure to look into cancellation policies well in advance as certain service providers might have a set notice period. At the same time, start researching service providers in your home country and comparing the services and prices they offer.
It is also important to inform your bank that you are leaving the country. You should consider whether you want to keep your bank account open for a while longer, in particular if you are still expecting income in that country. However, note that certain banks may charge their clients extra if they live abroad.
Another thing to keep in mind is to inform everyone that your address has changed! In this respect it is recommendable to arrange for your mail to be forwarded to your new address for a certain period. If you are an expat departing from India you can have a look at mail forwarding options on the India Post website.
Finally, you will have to take care of the shipment of your personal items, vehicles, and pets. For useful advice on this, consult our Expat Briefing articles on Relocation and select the applicable country you are returning to.
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