The earliest known habitation of the Japanese archipelago dates back to 30,000 BC, with the first written mention of the country being found in the Chinese 'Book of Han' (a historical text finished in AD 111). Japan has been ruled by an Emperor since 660 BC, though this role has varied between that of a fully empower emperor and a symbolic one. Between 1192 and 1867, during the country's feudal period, the de facto rulers of Japan were the Shoguns. This was followed by a period, from 1889 to 1947, when the Emperor held all sovereign power, and then the modern period, following the dissolution of the Empire of Japan, where the Emperor's power has been purely ceremonial.
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