Human artifacts dated between 100,000-125,000 years old have been discovered in the United Arab Emirates - the earliest evidence of human activity outside of Africa. Evidence of interaction with Mesopotamian societies is available from from 5500 BC and, by the 1st century AD, Umm al-Qaiwain was the site of an important port (Omana) which facilitated trade between the Roman world and the Indian sub-continent.
Note that, if you are looking for information about Dubai in particular, we have a Dubai Profile article.
Coordinates: 24°28'N 54°22'E
Capital: Abu Dhabi
Capital Coordinates: 24°28'N 54°22'E
Other Main Cities: Dubai, Sharjah, Al Ain
Official Language(s): English, Persian, Hindi, Urdu
Ethnic Group(s): Emirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other 8%
Currency: UAE Dirham, AED
GDP: $269.815 billion
Time Zone: GST (UTC+4)
International Dialling Code: 971
Internet TLD: .ae
Electricity Voltage: 220 Volts AC (50Hz)