LOGIN or JOIN
information for global expats



Features Archive

Jurisdiction Special Focus: Barbados

by Investors Offshore Editorial, May 2013
10 May, 2013



This feature focuses on the Caribbean island of Barbados. More famous for its beaches and as a destination for millions of tourists than as a location for offshore business, Barbados has nonetheless developed a well regulated financial services industry offering a surprisingly wide array of offshore products from banking to trusts to insurance. Whilst the island is not quite on a par with the higher profile offshore centres in the region, such as Bermuda or the Cayman Islands, for the investor, Barbados offers economic and political stability along with a number of tax and investment incentives, and close economic ties with the United States.


History, Geography & Economy

Located in the Windward Islands, Barbados is a 270 square mile island about 100 miles east of St Lucia and St Vincent & the Grenadines and 200 miles to the north of Trinidad & Tobago, in the south east of the Caribbean. As one would expect, the climate is mild subtropical all year round, with two distinct seasons: the dry season, which occurs in the first half of the year from December to June (and is generally the most popular period for tourists); and the rainy season which tends to hit in the latter months of the year (also the hurricane season).

As an ex-British colony, the island was first cultivated by settlers to grow tobacco, with sugar soon taking over as the staple cash crop. However, agriculture has been superseded by more modern industries, namely tourism and financial services, and for a quarter of a century, successive governments have welcomed offshore business.

While Barbados can't claim to have any of the world's largest offshore business sectors, it has developed a good mix of successful communities in banking, insurance, International Business Company registration and administration, trusts and shipping. The Barbadian dollar's peg to the US dollar at 2:1 has helped to ensure exchange rate stability.

After contracting during the global recession, the Barbadian economy remained stable in 2012, in a climate of undiminished international economic uncertainty. The economy shrank by 5.3% in 2009 in the wake of the global financial crisis and growth remained just below 0% in 2010. Economic growth reached an underwhelming 0.5% in 2011. The growth rate in 2012 was 0.7%.

GDP per head (2012) is about USD25,500 at PPP (among the higher Caribbean figures). Inflation has been under control, but unemployment is a black spot: after reaching as high as 25% during the early 1990s as an IMF austerity programme bit. It had fallen to 11% in 1999, and by 2006 had decreased to 7.6% – the lowest rate for some years. By 2008 however, unemployment had begun to grow again, reaching 8.1% that year and 10% in 2009. Since then, unemployment has remained stubbornly in the 10-11% range.

Tourism has been the main engine of economic growth, but visitor numbers have been in decline recently. According to the Central Bank, tourism value-added contracted by an estimated 3.5% in 2012, and there were reductions of 8.8% and 9.0% in US and UK visitors, respectively, over the same period. The UK’s punitive Air Passenger Duty, which increased by over 8%, and the decrease in the number of flights out of the US and UK by two major carriers, were the main contributing factors to this outturn, says the Central Bank.

In January, 2006, Barbados was one of six Caricom member states which formally signed a declaration of their governments' compliance with the provisions of the Treaty establishing the Caricom Single Market and Economy (CSM). Heads of government signed a document entitled 'Declaration by Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community marking the coming into being of the Caricom Single Market'. These Member States entered into Single Market arrangements on 1 January 2006.

Most member states of CARICOM had signed up by 2008. It will be a while however before the CSME represents much more than token integration. Initially, freedom of movement for certain categories of people, and some mutual reductions of customs tariffs are the main features of the new grouping. Moves towards a common currency, a regional stock exchange and other economic measures will take longer to achieve.

The last elections held in February 2013 saw the Democratic Labour Party, led by incumbent Prime Minister Freundel Stuart, gaining 51% of the vote, giving it 16 out of the 30 seats in the House of Assembly.

Barbados has recently established a Financial Services Commission, designed to regulate and supervise the operations of the non-banking financial sector.

The Minister of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade, Senator Maxine McClean, said following the March 8, 2011 passage of the bill which established the new regulator that the entity will strengthen and consolidate the functions carried out by the Supervisor of Insurance, and the credit union arm of the Cooperatives Department and the Securities Commission. "Barbados now has in place a supervisory and regulatory regime that is efficient and effective enough to govern the country's overall financial system and ensure that it continues to operate at a standard that satisfies best practices," she explained.

According to the Minister, the Commission's establishment is intended to strengthen the system: "As we become more sophisticated in our operations, the level of regulation has to change [and] the degree and scope of regulation has to be enhanced."

"The creation of this new body is not intended to restrict the practices of private sector organizations and third sector organizations – as I like to call [financial] cooperatives, as they seek to deliver service to Barbadians. It is meant to encourage prudent corporate principles which will preserve their long-term stability and secure the financial services sector," she explained.


Offshore Banking

Barbados established an offshore banking sector under the Offshore Banking Act 1979 (which was replaced by the International Financial Services Act, 2003) and the country is home to 46 international banks (as of February 18, 2013). To qualify and obtain a license, an applicant must obtain the consent of the Minister to incorporate for the purpose of offshore banking. The applicant must also: show that it is an eligible company or a qualified foreign bank; state the names and addresses of its director; submit a certified copy of its articles of incorporation; give particulars of the proposed banking activity; submit the names of shareholders who are residents of Barbados and the number of shares held by them; have at least one of the directors resident in Barbados; and meet minimum capital requirements set by the Central Bank.

The Central Bank's 2013 Financial Stability Report revealed that deposits in the banking system grew by 4.5%, in the year to September 2012, to BBD12bn (USD6bn), while commercial bank assets grew by 4.8% during the year.

Speaking at the opening of a branch of the Pan-American International Insurance Company in April 2013, Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs, Christopher Sinckler noted that the Government had undertaken various stress tests to determine the impact of credit risk on the capital adequacy of banks, non-banks and credit unions. "These analyses suggest that these institutions are able to remain solvent and can withstand even sizable domestic and external shocks," he said.

Effective February 1, 2006, returning Barbadian nationals may hold foreign currency accounts with a limit equivalent to BDS100,000 provided the funds credited to such accounts represent foreign currency earnings from abroad in the form of pensions, rental income, interest, dividends or other foreign income.

In October 2008, the Central Bank announced the further liberalisation of exchange controls to facilitate CSME transactions in fulfilment of stated commitments by Barbados. Under the changes, Authorised Dealers are now permitted, without reference to the Central Bank of Barbados, and subject to certain conditions, to grant an advance (by way of loan, overdraft, indemnity or guarantee) for use in Barbados as follows:

  • to a CSME resident individual to facilitate reasonable settling-in expenses, including furniture, equipment, household appliances and motor vehicles, without limit, except for acquisition of real estate;
  • to a company operating in Barbados controlled by CSME residents up to a maximum limit of BDS1m per year, except for acquisition of real estate.

It is anticipated that in a fully liberalised CSME environment, CSME residents will have the same facilities available to them as Barbadian residents. In an attempt to start levelling the playing field for Barbadian residents earning foreign exchange relative to CSME residents in similar situations who are presently able to retain their earnings in foreign currency, it was decided to allow Barbadians who earn foreign exchange to retain some proportion in foreign currency. While this does not exactly level the playing field, it is seen as the first manageable step in that direction. It is also hoped that this will encourage Barbadians holding foreign currency abroad (which is earning very little in the context of the current very low international interest rate regime) to repatriate funds to Barbados.

Accordingly, Authorised Dealers are now permitted:

  • to open and maintain foreign currency accounts in the names of residents of Barbados (individuals and companies) up to 30% of foreign currency earned and surrendered, in the same currency in which it is surrendered, without limit. The minimum amount to which the 30% may apply is the equivalent of BDS3,000. This means that an individual or company surrendering the equivalent of BDS3,000 in foreign currency may credit the foreign currency equivalent of BDS900 to a foreign currency account and may credit the remainder to an account denominated in Barbados dollars; and
  • to continue to credit the full amount surrendered to those foreign currency accounts for which permissions were previously obtained by companies until June 30, 2009, without applying the surrender requirement. Permission is required to vary from this arrangement after June 30, 2009.

Authorised Dealers may continue to open foreign currency accounts funded in the names of non-residents, including Barbadians and CSME nationals permanently residing outside Barbados, (or living in Barbados for less than three years), without limit on these accounts. Non-residents may continue to place the full amount of funds brought into Barbados on their foreign currency accounts. However, since CSME residents living in Barbados for three (3) years are treated as residents for exchange control purposes, they will be subject to the surrender requirement applicable to residents.

The Central Bank has recently strengthened its vetting procedures over applicant banks in response to international money laundering and criminal concerns. Subsidiaries of foreign banks have to provide written authorisation from the parent supervisory authority, and the activities of in-house corporate treasury operations must be consolidated into published group accounts.

According to the Central Bank, there measures are designed to enhance the business climate, improve efficiency and attract foreign investment, within the context of maintenance of the fixed exchange rate. "The Central Bank is mindful of the weak international environment and has therefore decided to implement only such measures as might facilitate the private sector, without significant risk of adverse impact on the foreign reserves," the institution stated.

The government intends to eventually abolish all exchange controls, although there is currently no timetable in place to do so.

Licence fees for financial institutions were increased by the 2008 budget, from January 1, 2009 as follows: Local – main branch: BDS250,000 per bank; Local – other branches: BDS20,000 per additional branch; Local – ATMs: BDS1,000 per ATM other than at branches; International banks BDS100,000 per bank.


Trusts

On trust matters there is a sophisticated community of professional advisers in Barbados, and trust management has been a considerable activity in the jurisdiction for more then three decades, much of it conducted by the trust departments of banks. Individuals can provide trust services without registration, but companies offering trust services must be licensed by the Central Bank. Both foreign and Barbados-resident companies may obtain licenses. The International Trusts Act 1995 gave Barbados a modern, comprehensive, business-oriented trust regime which has proven particularly attractive to corporate users.

The International Financial Services Act 2002-5 (IFSA) also regulates licensees acting as trustees of offshore trusts in Barbados and regulates the powers and duties of the licensee as trustee.


Insurance

The offshore insurance sector is governed by the Barbados Exempt Insurance Act of 1983, and is overseen by the newly-formed Financial Services Commission. As of December 31, 2010, there were 166 active Exempt Insurance Companies and 76 active Qualified Insurance Companies in Barbados. Of the total number of active companies, approximately 51% originated from Canada and almost 40% were US-owned. US owners may take advantage of the provisions of the Barbados/US Double Tax Convention, which are not available to insurers located in the other main Caribbean jurisdictions. The Convention allows captives and other insurers in Barbados to write business in the US while avoiding the creation of a permanent establishment, and thus to escape much US taxation.

The benefits of operating an international insurance company in Barbados include fast and efficient incorporation and licensing, no restrictions on the type of insurance business written, 0% corporate tax for the first 15 years for EICs (and as low as 1.75% for QICs), no capital gains tax and exemption from withholding tax on dividends, interest, management fees and other income paid to non-residents. International insurance companies also enjoy exemption from taxes on transfers of securities and assets to non-residents, and exemption from exchange controls. The minimum capital requirement is USD125,000.


Shipping

A Shipping Registry was established under the Shipping Act 1994 and the island has been a member of the International Maritime Organisation since 1969, subscribing to all the main maritime safety and environmental conventions. The Shipping Act provides for registration of all types of vessel, however owned, but the new Registry is particularly aimed at 'foreign-going' vessels, meaning those which sail to and from Caricom states (but not within Caricom) or outside Caricom altogether.

The Shipping Corporations Act 1996, which mirrors the provisions of the Companies Act 1982, provides a stand-alone basis for incorporation of a ship ownership or management company, whether the ships concerned are registered in Barbados or elsewhere. Shipping Corporations are non-residential and are exempt from taxes, and the Barbados/US Tax Convention provides particularly favourable opportunities to US shipping owners and operators, who can obtain domestic tax benefits by operating through a Barbados resident.

As a result of the 2009 Budget, The Shipping Corporations Act 1996 was amended to permit the incorporation of shipping corporations that are offshore (in terms of requisite authority) and that are domestic. The amendment also removes the restriction that a Director may not be a resident of Barbados.

Barbados was amongst the first five countries to gain the US Coast Guards QUALSHIP 21 recognition in 2005 and is still in the Top 10. The QUALSHIP 21 (Quality Shipping for the 21st Century) programme is a quality incentive programme to which only a small percentage of foreign-flag ships calling at US ports are admitted, based on the excellence of their port state control record. The USCG developed Qualship 21 to provide an incentive for well-run, quality ships and ship operators. Designated ships are recognized and rewarded by the USCG for their commitment to safety and quality by being subject to reduced port procedures.

The Barbados Maritime Shipping Registry (BMSR) operates a separate Yacht Register open to all yachts limited to a passenger carrying maximum of 12 persons; irrespective of vessel’s size or whether it is a private or charter yacht.

Barbados registered yachts are inspected at initial registration and again at regular intervals (between every one and five years) depending upon size, operation and age.

In January 2013, the Government confirmed that it has ploughed BBD2m into improving local mooring facilities to foster pleasure yachting as a new niche market for Barbados's tourism product.

The investment has been made to the careenage area of Bridgetown, a key destination for small yachts.

Commenting on the sidelines of the Classic Trans-Atlantic Race to Barbados, the island's Minister of International Business and International Transport George Hutson, said: "The Port has done substantial work in developing the infrastructure. We have put enough buoys to berth 40 yachts, [and] we are going to be putting additional buoys in the outer careenage." Recreational facilities are being developed for occupants of yachts berthed in the area, he added.

The bulk of the work has involved making available potable water and electrical outlets to yachtowners, to encourage more stopover trips to Barbados, and the installation of a travelift for boats up to 40 tons.

Further exploratory work is underway to enlarge the capacity of other facilities on the island, Hutson confirmed.


Barbados Stock Exchange

Barbados is one of the handful of Caribbean states with its own stock exchange, created by an Act of Parliament in 1982. Although the original trading facility, which opened its doors in 1987, was reincorporated in 2001, the institution's status as a non-profit organisation privately owned by its members remains unchanged.

The year 2001 also saw the traditional open outcry trading system replaced with an electronic trading and order-routing platform. Orders are executed immediately, and it is the responsibility of the brokers to ensure that clients settle their accounts and trades within the specified time of T+3, or three business days after the trade day.

The affairs of the BSE are administered by a Board of Directors, through a General Manager, which establishes By-Laws and Rules to regulate the affairs and business of the Exchange. The Board of the BSE consists of four designated members, four elected and one independent. The four designated members represent, the Central Bank of Barbados, the Bar Association, the Barbados Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Institute of Bankers. The elected members are chosen from the Membership of the Stock Exchange.

The Barbados Stock Exchange, although not large, has been moderately successful. In 2012, the BSE had 22 local listings.


Tax and Investment Incentives

In addition to offshore financial services, commercial activity and manufacturing – especially in high technology – have also been encouraged by Government with the granting of a number of tax and other investment incentives. Examples include a 10-year tax holiday, exemption from import duties, subsidised factory space available within 10 fully-serviced industrial parks, grants for worker training and free consulting services provided by Invest Barbados.

A one-stop service for investors is provided by Invest Barbados, a special agency established by the Government to facilitate investors and promote industrial development; it offers a wide range of investment incentives applying broadly to manufacturing industry. Some of these are as follows:

  • Full exemption from taxes on corporate profits for fifteen years for export-only manufacturing companies;
  • Special tax rate for export industries of only 2.5% after the expiration of the tax exemption period;
  • Tax rate of 1% - 2.5% on profits of Information Services companies;
  • Full exemption from import duties on components, raw materials, production machinery and other production related equipment such as computers and spare parts;
  • Expedited customs clearance procedures with minimal paper work and no delays;
  • Full and unrestricted repatriation of capital, profits and dividends;
  • Subsidised factory/office space available for rental in well-planned industrial parks;
  • Industrial training grant scheme to subsidize the cost of worker training;
  • A tax rate of 1% - 2.5% on the profits of International Financial Services Companies and International Business Companies;
  • Exemption from VAT on the importation of raw materials and packaging for registered exporters earning at least 40% of their revenues from export sales.

From 2007, dividends earned by resident companies, including IBCs, from holdings in foreign (non-resident) companies are exempt from tax, provided the Barbados company owns more than 10% in of the dividend-paying company and the holding is not merely a portfolio investment. Dividends paid to non-resident shareholders by Barbados companies are exempt from withholding taxes on the portion of income derived from foreign sources.

Barbados-resident companies apply withholding tax at 15% on dividend payments to non-residents and 12.5% to residents (on non-preference dividend payouts). Dividends paid out of foreign source income do not attract withholding tax.

In the 2012/13 Budget, announced in mid-2012, new proposals were issued in response to a Canadian tax law change, which came into effect in January 2010, and which extended benefits to Tax Information Exchange Agreement signatory nations that were previously only provided for nations with a Double Tax Agreement with Canada, such as Barbados. Prior to the change, Barbados had since 1995 been the lowest tax jurisdiction for companies seeking to generate exempt surplus, i.e. taxed income in Barbados that could be repatriated to Canadian parent companies without further tax being incurred by the parent companies. However, as a result of the law change, tax-neutral territories such as Bermuda, the Bahamas, and the Cayman Islands are now able to offer the same benefits. In an effort to maintain the attractiveness of Barbados's international financial centre for Canadian businesses, the government has proposed to reduce the corporate tax rate applicable to companies taxable under the International Business Companies Act and the Restricted Liabilities Act.

Amendments to the two Acts will set the tax rate on the highest band for taxable income for income years 2012 and 2013. The changes establish a corporate tax rate of:

  • 2.5% on all profits and gains up to BBD10m;
  • 2% on all profits and gains exceeding BBD10m but not exceeding BBD20m;
  • 1.5% on all profits and gains exceeding BBD20m but not exceeding BBD30m; and,
  • 0.5% on all profits and gains in excess of BBD30m.

It was proposed that this lower band of 0.5% be revised downward to 0.25% from the income year 2013-14. These changes are to apply to legislation for Societies with Restricted Liabilities as well as Offshore Banks. In addition, the range of services eligible for the Foreign Currency Earnings Credit will be expanded to include exploration, extraction and other mining, oil and gas activities, licensing and sub-licensing of intellectual property and shipping services.


Tax Treaties

Barbados has a number of tax treaties, but by far the most significant and beneficial of these is the US/Barbados Tax Treaty established in 1984 (alongside a Tax Information Sharing Agreement). The treaty creates opportunities for third country investors in US real estate, and is also attractive to US manufacturers. Many US investors are exempted from US accumulated earnings tax on Barbadian profits – a rare feature in US tax treaties. An additional protocol to the US treaty signed in 1991 lowered withholding rates but introduced new 'limitations on benefits' rules. In July 2004, then US Treasury Secretary John Snow and Barbadian Industry and International Business Minister, Dale Marshall signed the Second Protocol to the 1984 agreement. This sought to tighten the provisions of the treaty by updating the anti-treaty shopping provisions and preventing fiscal evasion.

Barbados inherited treaties with Switzerland, Sweden, Norway and Finland from the UK, but only the Swiss treaty survived – the other three were replaced with more modern treaties with low rates of withholding, tax-sparing provisions, and limitations on treaty-shopping. The Canadian treaty, dating from 1980, also includes limited tax-sparing provisions. The Finnish treaty has a 51% local ownership limitation of benefits rule, but IBCs and other offshore entities are specifically excluded from the rule, thus giving them access to treaty benefits.

In April, 2010, at the signing of the Barbados-Luxembourg Double Tax Agreement in London, Barbados Minister of International Business and International Transport, George Hutson, said that the continued expansion of the jurisdiction's tax treaty network is enhancing its reputation and attractiveness as a place to do business.

"I believe that coupled with our Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT), this Convention will certainly enhance our investment infrastructure and product offerings," Hutson said. "Investors in our countries will have access to more opportunities with the added assurance of the promotion and protection of their investments.”

"It is also important to note that this Convention makes abundantly clear the commitment of our two countries to the principles of transparency and tax information exchange that we have agreed upon," he added. "I am pleased, therefore, that we have been able to take the opportunity to bring the language of our Convention into conformity with [this].”

"I look forward to investors taking advantage of the opportunities in areas such as financial services, tourism, cultural services, research and development, and educational services," Hutson added. "I am also hopeful to see our people collaborating in joint ventures to provide new and innovative solutions and fill niches in the respective markets.”

Barbados has DTAs with the Caribbean Common Market (Caricom), the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Finland, Norway, Malta, Sweden, Switzerland, Austria, the Netherlands, Seychelles, Mexico, Panama, Luxembourg, Spain, Cuba, the Czech Republic, Venezuela, China, Mauritius, San Marino and Bahrain.

Additionally, to promote and protect investments, Barbados has signed BITs with Cuba, Venezuela, China, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Mauritius, Ghana, Belgium, Italy, and Luxembourg. Furthermore, a list of priority countries has been devised for additional agreements, including Vietnam, the United States and Brazil.

Towards the end of 2012, Barbados signed a double tax agreement with Bahrain, on December 3, 2012, and with San Marino, on December 14, 2012. Negotiations are at an advanced stage with Italy, the government said, while an additional agreement with Belgium is ready to be signed.

In February 2011, Prime Minister of Barbados, Freundel Stuart, announced that in order to fully implement Barbados’s national policy on transparency and demonstrate its commitment to the G-20-endorsed Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) standard on the exchange of information for tax purposes, the Government will amend the Barbados Income Tax Act to expand the scope of the tax information exchange provisions in Barbados’s existing double taxation treaties.

In April 2012, the Barbados government welcomed recognition from the OECD that its legislative and regulatory framework for the exchange of tax information meets international standards.

The endorsement of Barbados's framework, under a Phase One review, allows the territory to progress to the final, Phase Two evaluation under the OECD's peer review process, which will focus on Barbados's ability to exchange tax information in practice in 2013.

Welcoming the OECD announcement, George Hutson, Barbados Minister of International Business, said: “Barbados has worked hard to maintain its international standing as one of the world’s pre-eminent international business centers and long embraced the need for transparency and the appropriate exchange of tax information.”

“Barbados is pleased that those efforts continue to be recognized by the OECD, as the first independent Caribbean nation to be placed on the OECD’s original white list through to this most recent ruling. Barbados will not rest on its laurels and is committed to the continued refinement of its international business environment,” Hutson added.

In December 2012, the Central Bank of Barbados confirmed that the territory has established a Working Group to negotiate an inter-governmental agreement (IGA) with the United States within six months to facilitate compliance with the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA).

In its monthly newsletter, the Central Bank disclosed that it was engaged with the island's promotional agency Invest Barbados, to develop a response to the US regulation, with input from the local financial services industry, and on the basis of discussions with other Caribbean nations' policymakers.

FATCA was enacted by the United States Congress in March 2010 and is intended to ensure that the US tax authorities obtain information on financial accounts held by US taxpayers, or by foreign entities in which US taxpayers hold a substantial ownership interest, with foreign financial institutions (FFIs). Failure by an FFI to disclose information would result in a requirement to withhold 30% tax on US-source income.

To simplify the administration of the new system, several countries have been invited to enter into an IGA with the US on a bilateral basis, to ease the compliance burden on local financial institutions by allowing them to report data directly to the tax authority in the country in which they are based, rather than to the US Internal Revenue Service.

The Central Bank said that in order to meet the January 1, 2014 deadline, the territory needed to adopt a proactive approach in recognition "that the growth and continuation of its vibrant international business sector depends on its compliance with this US initiative."

"To this end, a working group under the joint leadership of Invest Barbados and the Central Bank of Barbados and comprising representatives from the Ministry of International Business, the Inland Revenue Department, the Barbados International Business Association, the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Barbados and the Barbados Bankers Association, has been established to keep abreast of the FATCA developments and to make recommendations to the Government of Barbados on its response," it said, reporting that these representatives had met twice in November 2012.


Personal Tax

Whilst Barbados offers a benign tax regime to offshore and international businesses, there is a marked disparity with the domestic regime, and the country faces some tough choices on the tax front in the years ahead. Not only must the country undergo reform as part of its commitments to the CSME (Caribbean Single Market and Economy), but the government also has to deal with the consequences of the 'commitment' letter which secured its removal from the OECD's 'harmful tax competition' black-list. In basic terms, this required the jurisdiction to converge the dual domestic/offshore tax system.

On the personal tax front, the system is not quite so benign. Taxable income is defined very broadly in Barbados, and includes everything from employment income to director's fees, taxable profits from a trade or business, interest, dividends, annual payments, royalties, social benefits, trust income, partnership income, income from the disposal of shares issued to employees and the benefit of loans at under-value. Residence for tax purposes is defined as presence in the country for more than 182 days in a calendar year (which is the tax year), and then applies to the whole year.

Under the 2012/13 Budget, the lowest rate of personal income tax will be lowered from 20% to 17.5%, applicable on income of less than BBD30,000, up from BBD24,200 previously. A rate of 35% will continue to apply on income over BBD30,000.

In addition, a new levy to fund environmental initiatives was proposed to be introduced on personal income, at rates of:

  • 0.1% on income between BBD25,000 and BBD50,000;
  • 0.15% on income between BBD50,000 and BBD100,000; and,
  • 0.25% on income above BBD100,000.

In 2006 the government introduced enhanced tax concessions for specially qualified individuals employed in the International Financial Services Sector, as follows:

  • Up to BBD150,000 per annum 35%;
  • Over BBD150,000 but less than BBD500,000 50%;
  • Over BBD500,000 60%

Barbados levies an annual land tax at 0.6% on all unimproved land; the tax-free threshold on improved property was raised from BBD150,000 to BBD190,000 in the 2011 Budget. The following rates then apply: 0.10% on amounts between BBD190,000 and BBD500,000; 0.45% on amounts between BBD500,000 and BBD1.25m; and 0.75% on amounts in excess of BBD1.25m.

There are also property taxes and Stamp Duty is payable in a number of situations in Barbados, including transfers of real estate and shares (1%), leases (1%), and mortgages (BBD5 on the first $500, and $3 on each subsequent $500).

Property Transfer Tax is payable on the transfer by gift, sale or other method of any direct or indirect interest in land, at 2.5%. There are no capital gains, estate, inheritance or gift taxes although VAT was recently introduced, replacing the old sales taxes.

With regard to expats looking to live or work in Barbados, non-residents need work permits, although these are issued quite readily if it can be shown that there is no suitably-qualified Barbadian for the job. Non-residents may purchase real estate in Barbados with foreign currency that has been registered with the Central Bank.

In the 2012/13 Budget, it was announced that new residence permits are to be granted to High Net Worth Individuals, on a number of conditions, including that their acquired wealth should exceed BBD10m.


Real Estate

It is widely believed that property in Barbados is owned by only the rich and famous. Although there are many wealthy owners, over the years the market has spread and diversified with prices ranging from just under USD200,000 to USD30m.

It is true that the west coast has some of the highest property prices in the world. The west coast of Barbados begins on the outskirts of Bridgetown (Capital of Barbados) in the south and extends northward to Harrisons in the parish of St Lucy at the northern tip of the island. There are a number of west coast luxury beachfront developments and luxury homes such as Portico, Coral Cove, The Sands, Schooner Bay, and Waterside, to name a few, on this stretch of coast with prices ranging from USD700,000 – USD30m.

The south coast begins at Carlisle Bay in Bridgetown and heads in an easterly direction towards East point on the Atlantic east coast. The south coast has seen tremendous growth within the last five years. There are a number of new developments under construction and the prices are lower than on the west coast, which suit the middle market and investment purchaser very well. Higher end developments include The Palm Beach Condominiums, which are spacious and offer very good value with quality finishes. These units are 2,200 sq ft and larger and start at about USD900,000. The Sapphire Beach Condominiums and White Sands Villas are two very good examples of new developments in the heart of the south coast. They both have direct beach access and start at USD700,000 for a one bedroom unit. Prices on the south coast range from USD250,000 – USD2m.

Although property prices have reduced by up to 15% since mid 2008, it is believed that Barbados has proven its strength, having competed with long-haul destinations such as Dubai over the last few years. Indeed, the firm suggests that the worldwide financial crisis has placed Barbados in a better position, as competing and alternative destinations have faltered quite dramatically.


Conclusion

Barbados has much to offer the investor, expat or manufacturer, with a sound offshore legislative environment and an array of tax incentives to encourage industry and commerce. Whilst the country faces some tough challenges ahead as it integrates into the Caribbean Single Market and to keep onside with the OECD, it is certainly not alone in this. These are concerns that are being felt right across the region, not just in Barbados, and the country is likely to remain a viable financial and business centre for some time to come.





 

Comments


Leave A Comment

Name:
Email:
Comment:
Validation:

« Go Back to Articles
 
 
 
 

Information

About | Useful Links | Global Media Partners | Media | Advertising And Sales | Banners And Widgets | Glossary | RSS | Privacy & Cookies | Terms And Conditions | Editorial Policy | Refer To A Friend | Newsletters | Contact | Site Map

Important Notice: Wolters Kluwer TAA Limited has taken reasonable care in sourcing and presenting the information contained on this site, but accepts no responsibility for any financial or other loss or damage that may result from its use. In particular, users of the site are advised to take appropriate professional advice before committing themselves to involvement in offshore jurisdictions, offshore trusts or offshore investments. © Wolters Kluwer TAA Ltd 2017. All rights reserved.

The Expat Briefing brand is owned and operated by Wolters Kluwer TAA Limited.