World Migration Report Published

By Editorial 19 September, 2013

The International Organization for Migration has published its World Migration Report for 2013, highlighting how migration affects quality of life and human development and giving what the body says is a "holistic" account of development and a "unique picture of the gains and losses associated with migration."

The IOM says that the report goes beyond studies that simply concentrate on broad socioeconomic consequences, such as the impact of remittances, and notes how migration outcomes differ depending on the origin and destination of migrants. The analysis includes consideration of migration from the South to the North, from the North to the South, and between countries in the South and between countries in the North.

The report draws upon the findings of the Gallup World Poll, conducted in more than 150 countries and allowing a world-wide assessment for the first time of six "core dimensions": Financial, Career, Social, Community, Physical and Subjective.

The study found that migrants moving between two high-income countries report the most satisfactory experiences, with positive outcomes relating to life satisfaction, emotional positivity, financial gain, personal safety, community attachment and health. However, those who migrate between the North and the South, in either direction, report more mixed experiences: migrants from the North to the South experience a cheaper environment but fewer social contacts, while those who migrate from the South to the North struggle with economic transition. However, they consider themselves better off than those who remained at home.

According to William Lacy Swing, the IOM's Director General and a US Ambassador, it is hoped that the report will contribute to forthcoming discussions at the second United Nations High-level Dialogue on International Migration and Development in 2013, and to the on-going debate on the post-2015 global development agenda.

The IOM was founded in 1951 to assist with transport for those displaced by World War Two, and is based in Geneva. It now has a staff of 5,400 operating in over 100 countries, and works with governments and civil society organizations to advance understanding of migration issues, encourage social and economic development through migration, and uphold the human dignity and well-being of migrants.

Tags: Expats | Immigration | Welfare | Immigration |


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