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By Zara Andrew
05 November, 2014
Turkey has the following countries which are close to its border and they are Bulgaria to the northwest, Greece to the west, Georgia to the north east, Armenia, Iran and Azerbaijani of the exclave of Nakhivan to the east, Iraq and Syria to the south east, Looking at the Turkeys flag it is fully covered with red colour except the crescent moon and star in the middle which are white in color. Its national anthem is Istiklal Marsi which is sung in Turkish language which is the official language of Turkey. Ankara is the capital of Turkey which is an important commercial and industrial city of the country.
a) Aspendos is the ancient city among the other cities in turkey and is located approximately about 40 kilometers to the east of the Antalya which is an international sea resort located on the Turkish Riviera. This city has an ancient theatre which has a Roman structure.
b) It is said that the theater was built in the 155 AD by the then Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius. It accommodate an audience of approximately 10,000 to 15,000 people. Aspendos Roman theatre got repaired and many modifications till date so that is why it has been able to survive for these many years.
c) Every year once Turkish international opera and ballet company conducts international opera and ballet festival where people from all over the world come here and participate here. Its a delightful sight to watch out for at this theatre.
d) As this is the first ancient city of Turkey it has many Roman structures other the theater and is also the first city to be using the coins since the 500 BC period.
a) Pamukkale actually means cotton castle in Turkish language and is also considered to be one of the natural sites in Denzili province of Turkey which is located to the south. The city is a main tourist attraction because it has many hot springs, deposits of minerals which were left behind by the moving water here.
b) Great ancient Greco Roman city Heiropolis was built on this cotton castle. People have been using these pools for many years and afterwards the pools were destroyed and luxurious hotels were built here and also a road so that bikers can go here and there.
c) But later the Government decided to retain the world heritage site as it would attract many tourists every year. So these hotels were destroyed and artificial pools were built in its place and people are not allowed to enter the pools with shoes or sandals as it would destroy the deposits.
d) Pamukkale as mentioned was became a world heritage site in the year 1988 along with the Heiropolis. Underground volcanic activity forced the carbon dioxide into the cave which was called plutonium which is also called place of God Pluto. This cave was used for religious purposes which are immune to these suffocating gases. Tadpoles are also to be found in these pools around the Pamukkale.
Sultan Ahmed Mosque:
a) Sultan Ahmed Mosque is also known locally as the Blue Mosque in Istanbul which is present in Turkey. It is called by the name Blue Mosque because Blue tiles are used on interior walls of the Mosque .It is also said to be one of the historic mosques of the present day.
b) Regarding the date it construction began in the year 1606 and took ten years to complete that is 1616 by the then ruler Ahmed I. This place consists of a tomb of the founder and a hospice. Looking at the structure of the mosque it has one single main dome, six minarets at different places of the building and eight secondary domes. Interiors of the mosque has more than 20,000 tiles approximately which has different tulip designs on them.
c) This is the only mosque which has six minarets other than the Sabanci mosque in Adana. At the present day a public announcement is used to call for the prayers and many local people along with tourists gather here for the evening prayers where the mosque is filled with colorful lights
a) Topkapi palace is the one and only large palace in Istanbul which is located in Turkey. It was home many generations of Sultans and their wives for nearly 400 years approximately. It is a royal residence to these sultans and they used to conduct many state occasions and entertainment functions during their time.
b) But later on the palace was converted to a museum which became a major tourist attraction as many people would visit this place. It has many artifacts belonging to the Muslim religions like the Ahmed cloak and Sword. This palace later on became heritage site in the year 1985 and UNESCO described it as the great structure and design among the other palaces in the world.
c) This palace has four main courtyards and many other smaller building. During its ruling period the palace was accomodated to approximately a 4,000 people who would serve the royal heigness. The name Topkapi was given to this palace because of the gate which is lost and the shore pavilion it has.
d) Palace has also undergone many repairs and renovations which were caused by natural calamities like earth quakes and floods. As the Ottoman Empire ended the palace was converted to a museum as mentioned by the government in the year 1924.
e) So this museum consists of many Ottoman artifacts like robes, weapons, armory, clothes and jewels. So in order to visit these wonderful places you need to have a Turkey visa where you need to apply for a turkey visa application for your whole family or loved ones.
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